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Asking Questions in Portuguese

When asking a simple yes/no question in Portuguese, just make an affirmative sentence sound like a question when speaking, or add a question mark to an affirmative sentence when writing.

Examples: 

Você fala inglês. (You speak English.) = Você fala inglês?  (Do you speak English?)

Há vagas neste hotel. (There are vacancies in this hotel.) = Há vagas neste hotel? (Are there vacancies in this hotel?)

When using question words such as how, when, where, just add the question word before an affirmative sentence.

Examples:

ComoHow

Como você está? How are you?

QuandoWhen

Quando você chega? When do you arrive?

Onde – Where

Onde fica a Avenida Paulista? Where is Paulista Avenue?

De ondeWhere…from

De onde ele é? Where is he from?

Por queWhy

Por que o avião está atrasado? Why is the plane late?

QuemWho

Quem quer um café? Who wants some coffee?

O que (+ subject + verb) – What 

O que vocês querem fazer amanhã? What do you want to do tomorrow?

Que (+noun) – What 

Que carro ela tem? What car does she have?

QualWhich

Qual metrô devo pegar? Which subway should I take?

De quemWhose

De quem é esta caneta? Whose pen is this?

It’s also worth remembering that in questions with prepositions, these usually come at the very beginning of the question.

Examples:

Para onde você quer ir? Where do you want to go (to)?

Com quem nós vamos fazer a reunião? Who do we have a meeting with? 

Para que serve este instrumento? What is this device for?

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