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The imperative in recipes
When giving directions on how to prepare foods or drinks, the imperative or command form is used.
To get the command form in Portuguese start with the eu, I, form of the verb in the present, remove the final –o and add –e to verbs that end in --ar, and –a to those that end in –er and –ir.
Look at the following examples:
cortar - eu corto = corte (to cut – I cut = cut)
escrever – eu escrevo = escreva (to write – I write = write)
abrir – eu abro = abra (to open – I open = open)
Note that in Portuguese the imperative also has a plural form, so if you giving directions to one person, use the singular, but use the plural when referring to more than one.
corte você – cortem vocês
escreva você – escrevam vocês
abra você – abram vocês
For exercises and more practice in using the imperative form, go to Brazilian Portuguese Intermediate Lesson 18.