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Eleiçōes, elections, and other Political Terms

edited October 2016 in Portuguese



In Brazil there’s a common adage that says: “Política, religião e futebol não se discutem.” You should not discuss politics, religion or soccer.

You should, however, be prepared in case you want to inquire about facts taking place in a foreign country or explain to foreigners events taking place in your own country, especially with all the political turmoil in Brazil and the colorful election season in the U.S.

So here’s a list of basic political terms you might find useful.

People 

políticopolitician / deputado(a) federalcongressman/congresswoman

deputado(a) estadualstate representative / vereador(a) councilman/woman 

senador(a)senator / prefeito(a)mayor

governador(a) governor / presidente(a)president

maioriamajority / minoriaminority

eleitor(a)elector / eleitorado - electorate

Systems 

judiciáriojudiciary / legislativolegislative / executivoexecutive

parlamentarismoparliamentary / comunismocommunism / socialismo  - socialism

democraciademocracy / ditaduradictatorship

direitaright wing / esquerdaleft wing / centro - center

Events 

eleiçãoelection / campanha eleitoralelectoral campaign / votovote

cédula eleitoralballot / debatedebate

primeiro turnofirst round / segundo turnorunoff

pesquisa eleitoralpoll

Actions

votarto vote / elegerto elect

vencer /ganharto win / perderto lose / empatarto tie

fazer campanhato campaign / apoiar – to support / to endorse

Can you think of any other term or expression not covered here? 

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