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Eleiçōes, elections, and other Political Terms
In Brazil there’s a common adage that says: “Política, religião e futebol não se discutem.” You should not discuss politics, religion or soccer.
You should, however, be prepared in case you want to inquire about facts taking place in a foreign country or explain to foreigners events taking place in your own country, especially with all the political turmoil in Brazil and the colorful election season in the U.S.
So here’s a list of basic political terms you might find useful.
político – politician / deputado(a) federal – congressman/congresswoman
deputado(a) estadual – state representative / vereador(a) – councilman/woman
senador(a) – senator / prefeito(a) – mayor
governador(a) – governor / presidente(a) – president
maioria – majority / minoria – minority
eleitor(a) – elector / eleitorado - electorate
judiciário – judiciary / legislativo – legislative / executivo – executive
parlamentarismo – parliamentary / comunismo – communism / socialismo - socialism
democracia – democracy / ditadura – dictatorship
direita – right wing / esquerda – left wing / centro - center
eleição – election / campanha eleitoral – electoral campaign / voto – vote
cédula eleitoral – ballot / debate – debate
primeiro turno – first round / segundo turno – runoff
pesquisa eleitoral – poll
votar – to vote / eleger – to elect
vencer /ganhar – to win / perder – to lose / empatar – to tie
fazer campanha – to campaign / apoiar – to support / to endorse
Can you think of any other term or expression not covered here?