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Conversation Review

Now you know three pronouns in Arabic: أَنا 'anaa (I), أَنْتَ 'anta (you, to a man), and أَنْتِ 'anti (you, to a woman).

Also notice that there are a few words missing in the Arabic sentences that you might expect to see. First, there is no present tense form of to be (am, is, are) in Arabic. And second, there is no indefinite article (a/an), although there is a definite article, which is ال al- (the).

أَنْتَ مِن نِيويورْك؟ 'anta min nyuu yuurk?
[Are] you (m.) from New York?
أَنا مِن أَمْريكا. 'anaa min 'amriikaa.
I [am] from America.
أَنْتَ طالِب؟ 'anta Taalib?
[Are] you (m.) [a] student?

Take a look at يا yaa in the following sentence. It's called a vocative particle, or something that is often used when you're addressing someone directly. It comes before someone's name or title.

تَشَرَّفْنا يا جايسُن. tasharrafnaa, yaa jaaysun.
Nice to meet you, Jason.

During this first lesson you learned several important expressions. Let's break some of them down and look at the meanings of the words used in them. See if you can recognize these vocabulary words in the greetings and other expressions you've seen.

صَباح SabaaH
morning
مَساء masaa'
afternoon
خَيْر khayr
blessing, good thing
سَلام salaam
peace
حال Haal
health, condition
إِسْم 'ism
name
إِسْمي 'ismii
my name
إِسْمُك 'ismuk
your name (to a man)
إِسْمُكِ 'ismuki
your name (to a woman)
ما maa
what
كَيْف kayf
how
الـ al-
the
مِن min
from
مَعَ maxa
with
بِـ bi-
in, at, on, with