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Greetings

You just learned how to greet a person in the morning:

Καλημέρα.
[ka-li-ME-ra.]

In the afternoon or evening:

Καλησπέρα.
[ka-li-SPE-ra.]

And any time of day:

Γεια σου/σας.
[YA su/sas.]

You also learned how to say good-bye:

Γεια σου/σας.
[YA su/sas.]

And good night:

Καληνύχτα.
[ka-li-NI-khta.]

You also learned how to ask how a person is feeling:

Τι κάνεις/κάνετε;
[ti KA-nis/KA-ne-te?]

Did you notice that in Greek you use the same phrase for both greeting and saying good-bye? That means one less word for you to remember! You can use Γεια σου/σας to say hello when you meet someone and again Γεια σου/σας when you leave someone. Now, keep in mind you should use Γεια σου, Εσύ;, Τι κάνεις;, Πώς πάει;, and Τι γίνεται; when speaking to a friend or someone with whom you are very familiar and Γεια σας, Εσείς;, and Τι κάνετε; when talking to a person older than you (i.e. your supervisor, your doctor) or someone you don’t know very well. Let’s review the difference between formal and informal greetings:

Informal Formal/Plural
Γεια σου.
[YA su.]
Hello.
Γεια σας.
[YA sas.]
Hello.
Τι κάνεις;
[ti KA-nis?]
How are you?
Τι κάνετε;
[ti KA-ne-te?]
How are you?
Πώς πάει;
[POS PA-i?]
How’s it going?
Τι γίνεται;
[ti YI-ne-te?]
What’s happening?