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Greetings and Personal Pronouns

Let’s review the vocabulary you’ve learned so far.

नमस्कार
namaskār
hello/goodbye
धन्यवाद!
dhanyavād
Thank you!
कोई बात नहीं
koī bāt nahī̃
you’re welcome/it’s all right
स्वागत है!
swāgat hai!
Welcome!
फिर मिलेंगे
phir mileṅge
see you later
जी
jī
sir/ma’am (affirmative)
माफ़ कीजिये
māf kījiye
excuse me/sorry

Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are used in place of nouns. In Hindi, the personal pronouns are:

मैं
maĩ
I
तुम
tum
you
वह
vah*
she/he/it/that
यह
yah*
she/he/it/this
हम
hum
we
आप
āp
you
वे
ve
they/those
ये
ye
they/those

*Please note the two pronunciations of वह and यह: vah and vo, and yah and ye. The latter two pronunciations are more modern and what you will hear in everyday speech in India.

As you can see above, there are two ways of saying you in Hindi: आप āp and तुम tum. These forms can be used when addressing one person or more than one person, and they are both polite forms. There is also another singular personal pronoun for you: तू tū. This, however, is an extremely informal manner of addressing someone; it is used to address someone younger, or very close. As someone just learning Hindi, you should stick to using आप āp or तुम tum.