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Korean has rules of liaison, which state that when certain sounds are combined, some of them will change to become new sounds. This happens in other languages as well; think of the difference in English between “rate” and “rated”: the “t” sound changes to a “d” sound before “-ed,” even though the spelling is unchanged. This is very similar to the Korean rules of liaison, which are as follows:

ㅋ, ㅍ, and ㅌ

Whenever you see (k), (p), or (t) before (l), (m), or (n) they are pronounced (ng), (m), and (n) respectively. The (l), if following any of the three above, also changes to an (n) sound through this liaison.

+ = 습니
+ ni = seumni

Thank you.

When (l) follows any consonant apart from (l) or (n), it is pronounced (n). When (l) and (n) are together in any combination (+/+), they are pronounced as (ll).

Consonant endings

Any word ending in a consonant and not followed by a particle will swallow the final consonant. This means that you will begin to pronounce the sound, but not completely pronounce it.

ㅊ (ch), ㅈ (j), ㅅ (s), ㅆ (ss), and ㅎ (h)

When any of these consonants appear at the end of the word, they are swallowed as above, but the beginning of the sound you produce will be the beginning of a (t) sound.