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How are you?

Let’s break down some of the phrases you saw in Vocabulary Builder 1, starting with ¿Cómo estás (tú)? and ¿Cómo está usted?.

¿Cómo estás (tú)? (How are you?) ¿Cómo está usted? (How are you?)

Cómo is a question word meaning how or what, estás and está are forms of the verb estar which means to be, and and usted you already know. Individually, these words will turn up again a lot in Spanish, so it is good to start to become familiar with them. For now, though, it’s fine to just memorize these phrases as set expressions and worry about how each individual part of the sentence works down the line as you move forward in this course.